A top-up loan is a loan that you take up, and over an existing loan. The current loan may be either a home loan, a personal loan, or a loan of some other kind. Timely payments on the existing loan favor your chances of obtaining an optional loan.
This is an add-on service offered to its existing customers by lenders.
When Should you Opt for a Top-Up Loan?
Top-up loans come in handy under the following circumstances:
- When you already have a personal loan in progress and need extra funds. To be eligible for extra money, you would have paid up a stipulated amount of EMIs on your current loan.
- You want to satisfy the monetary requirements without having to go to the hassle of fresh documentation.
- When you require urgent funds for personal usage, company use, or miscellaneous expense.
- Top-up loans are often preferred when an individual wants debt relief, rather than multiple loans.
What are the Criteria for Qualifying for a Top-Up Loan?
The eligibility criteria can vary between the lender and the applicant. Before receiving a supplementary loan, there are two main considerations you can keep in mind:
You need to have a current continued personal loan with the lender you are going to reach for your loan to top up. If the provider does not provide a top-up loan facility, you will move and apply for your personal loan through the bank or a financial company that has a top-up loan facility.
The lender must review your repayment records before accepting your request for a top-up loan. They’ll review your credit history and CIBIL ratings to ensure you ‘re financially secure.
What are the Benefits of a Top-Up Loan?
Quick Processing and Disbursal
Since you already have an existing personal loan with a bank or financial institution, your application can be processed more quickly. The amount of the loan shall be paid out as soon as the verification is completed. These loans are therefore perfect for emergency situations.
Documentation can vary from lender to lender. Some may not require any supporting loan documentation, as the process has already been done during the disbursement of the primary loan. Other lenders may, however, require you to submit minimal documents for the processing of loans
Interest rates or Charges
Top-up loans may have lower interest rates or lower processing charges than new loans depending on the lender.
The duration of the top-up loan can not exceed the duration of the primary loan. Thus, you have the option of choosing a tenure comparable to your current one or a shorter one.
No collateral needed
Since a top-up personal loan is an unsecured form of a loan, you are not required to provide any security or collateral against the loan.
Some banks or financial institutions allow you to consolidate your EMIs. This means that you can combine the primary loan with the extra loan amount and pay it in a single EMI. This helps to manage your payouts better, as you do not need to recognize different payment dates.
No restriction on usage
The top-up loan balance may be used for any reason, such as a medical emergency, company expansion, wedding, or holiday.
Top-up Loan vs. New Loan: Which One Should I Opt For?
Though both serve the same purpose and have no restriction on how you use the amount, there are certain differences between the two.
Procedure of Application
To apply for a personal loan immediately, you must send or upload the documents needed. The provider must validate the paperwork sent and will check your eligibility. When your creditworthiness is defined your loan amount will be disbursed.
The process of verifying and disbursing a top-up loan is comparatively easier since you already have a primary personal loan with the lender. You can be required to request minimum documentation for a top-up loan, based on the requirements of the lender. The eligibility is determined by looking into your history of repayment and credit scores. The loan will be disbursed as soon as the lender verifies the detail.
Rate of interest & Other charges
Interest levels on a new loan are comparatively higher. This depends on each lender and borrower. A person with a lower credit score might get a higher interest rate on his / her loan than someone with a good credit score.
The interest rate for top-up loans may be lower than that of the current personal loan, as the applicant already has a partnership with the lender. Many borrowers often offer discounts on top-up loans payment costs relative to a new loan.
For a top-up loan, it requires comparatively less documentation than those needed for a fresh loan. As well, the approval period on a fresh loan applicant is higher.
Collateral or security
All types of loans are unsecured forms of debt that do not allow you to guarantee any insurance or collateral. However in the case of a new loan, if the lender is not confident of the applicant’s financial security, they may require that the applicant have collateral or a guarantor.
Both, a new personal loan and a top-up loan are suitable for emergencies. These may not carry any limits on their use, but when they are looking for immediate cash, people choose a top-up loan. Even with limited paperwork, these forms of loans are readily accessible, one must consider their need to utilize them carefully. Making sure you have the funds to pay back your debt in a timely manner while still ensuring that your investments increase at a steady pace as well. It helps you to have the best of all worlds, and to be responsible for your financial health.